Psychodynamic therapy is based on psychoanalytic ways of understanding personal and emotional development. The way we see and relate to the world develops through relationships made in infancy, childhood, and later life. Disturbances in these relationships can produce continuing vulnerabilities, and symptoms and relationship problems in later life. Symptoms have a meaning in the context of our lives, and difficulties in relationships often follow patterns laid down in earlier life.
The therapist offers a reliable and professional relationship, where old patterns may be repeated, but can be thought about and understood in a way that frees people to change.
From RCPsych Website